Cutting boards used to prepare raw poultry may be an important source of drug-resistant bacteria in hospital kitchens and private homes, according to a new study. The more bacteria are exposed to antibiotics, the higher the chance they will develop resistance to the drugs.
Unnecessary exposure can happen in humans who take antibiotic drugs they don't need, like for the common cold, which is caused by a virus and not affected by antibiotics. It can also happen when large numbers of livestock are given feed laced with antibiotics to help them grow faster and larger.
According to the World Health Organization, 75 percent of antibiotics sold are destined for use in animals.
Drug-resistant bacteria originating from both humans and animals can cause infections, which are harder to treat than infections caused by non-resistant bacteria.
Experts say the fact that cutting boards were contaminated with drug-resistant bacteria is troubling, but not surprising.
One explained, "If other foods go on those boards before the boards get cleaned, or even after they're cleaned if the cleaning isn't 100 percent effective, the other foods, which may not get cooked, or not as thoroughly as poultry, likely would get contaminated and so could possibly pose an even higher risk of transmission to humans than the poultry products themselves”.
The new study took place in Europe, where growth-promoting antibiotics for animals are banned, but antibiotics can still be used in livestock "therapeutically." The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced the first move to phase out growth-promoting antibiotics in animals processed for meat in late 2013.
For 16 months, researchers from the University Hospital Basel in Switzerland collected cutting boards and used gloves from their hospital's kitchen, which prepares meals for 650 patients daily, as well as for hospital staff.
They also collected cutting boards from kitchens in private homes in Switzerland, France and Germany, and swabbed for bacteria after the boards were used to prepare food and before they were cleaned.
Ten of the 154 cutting boards taken from the hospital kitchen tested positive for a type of drug-resistant E. coli bacteria, compared to five of the 144 boards taken from homes, according to the results.
There were probably more bacteria in the hospital because hospital kitchens process much more meat than household kitchens, experts said.
"These E. coli are resistant to some of the last good drugs we have to treat them," said a scientist who was not involved in the study.
Half of the used gloves from the hospital also tested positive for drug-resistant bacteria, indicating that gloves and cutting boards could be sources of bacteria transmission.
They recommend food service workers and home cooks be vigilant about washing their hands not only after handling meat, but also after handling used cutting boards.
For home cooks, hot water and detergent work well to sanitize used cutting boards, but a simple wipe-down with a dishrag isn’t enough.
People should never use their designated raw meat or poultry cutting board for preparing any other types of food.
Source: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, online March 24, 2014.
All research on this web site is the property of Leslie Beck Nutrition Consulting Inc. and is protected by copyright. Keep in mind that research on these matters continues daily and is subject to change. The information presented is not intended as a substitute for medical treatment. It is intended to provide ongoing support of your healthy lifestyle practices.