If you like to snack, you're not alone. According to one survey, snacking is on the rise among Canadians. And for many of us, that's not a bad thing.
Snacking doesn't have to contribute excess - or empty - calories to your diet. If you choose wisely, the right snacks can actually improve your diet and weight control efforts rather than derail them.
Prevents overeating, aids weight control
Eating a mid day snack helps manage hunger and prevent overeating at meals. As a Registered Dietitian in private practice, clients tell me one of the most important keys to weight loss success is having an afternoon snack.
By doing so, they're not ravenous when they arrive home at the end of the day and, as a result, don't polish off a meals' worth of calories before dinner. Taming your appetite with a 4 o'clock snack also makes it easier to curb portions at suppertime.
Data from the National Weight Control Registry, the largest prospective study of successful weight loss maintenance, concurs. Among more than 5,000 men and women who have lost, on average, 70 pounds and kept the weight off for years, the vast majority report eating often during the day instead of devouring three big meals.
Boosts energy level, nutrient intake
Between meal snacks also avert lagging energy by providing a source of fuel when blood glucose dips and concentration fades.
And snacks provide an opportunity to boost your intake of important nutrients like protein, fibre and calcium.
Some snacks have the advantage of delivering specific health benefits. Nuts, for example, help lower elevated LDL cholesterol and blood pressure and may help ward off type 2 diabetes. Low fat dairy products, rich in calcium, are part of a blood pressure lowering diet (think yogurt, smoothies and lattes).
What makes a snack healthy?
The trick, of course, is choosing a nutritious snack that will boost your blood sugar and keep it relatively stable until mealtime. Snacks should include carbohydrate to fuel your muscles and your brain, along with protein and a little fat to slow digestion and keep you feeling energized longer.
Snacks should also have a low glycemic index (GI). Low GI foods are digested slowly, leading to a gradual rise in blood sugar, helping you feel energetic and satisfied longer.
Many snacks that are easy to reach for - cereal bars, crackers, bagels, pretzels - have a high glycemic index. They're digested relatively quickly and cause blood sugar to spike. While a rapid rise in blood sugar will give you an energy boost, it's not long lasting. High GI snacks cause the body's pancreas to release excess insulin to clear sugar from your bloodstream which can lead to premature hunger and overeating.
To control weight, snacks should contain 150 to 200 calories for women and 200 to 250 calories for men.
Nutrient rich, low glycemic snacks include fruit and nuts (a small handful), yogurt and a medium-sized fruit, a homemade smoothie made with milk or soy milk and frozen berries, one cup of bean soup or vegetarian chili, ½ a pita with tuna, raw vegetables and hummus, whole grain crackers and part skim cheese, or bran cereal with yogurt (Kellogg's All Bran Buds is now available in single serving packages).
The following tips will help you stave off hunger and boost your energy.
Bring your snacks with you to work or school so you're prepared when temptation strikes.
Practice portion control
Unless you're extremely active, snacks should not be meal-size. Stay clear of super sized snacks from coffee shops and juice bars. Most people don't need a 500 calorie scone or muffin with their coffee. Instead of slurping a 500-calorie smoothie, you're better off eating an apple and yogurt.
Don't snack from the box
Read nutrition labels to determine how many crackers, rice cakes, or potato chips for that matter, counts as one serving. Then measure out a portion and put it on a plate. You'll end up eating less.
Choose energy bars wisely
Not all energy and protein bars deliver on the nutrition front. Many that are high in protein are also low in fibre and higher in saturated fat. And some bars have as much as three teaspoons worth of sugar.
Look for a product with 7 to 18 grams of protein, 20 to 25 grams of carbohydrate and no more than 3 grams of saturated fat.
Whole food bars such as Larabar and Elevate Me Bar! haveno refined sugar and tend to be higher in fibre and healthy fats than traditional energy bars.
Be leery of 100-calorie snacks
Research suggests that people who snack from small packages consume more calories than those who eat from larger packages. It seems the notion of built-in portion control can turn off your willpower to stop after one bag.
When it comes to nutrition, most of these snacks are highly processed and lack appetite-suppressing nutrients such as fibre, protein and healthy fats. They don't fill you up the same way an apple and yogurt can.
Watch out for 2 in 1 packs
If you're craving a chocolate bar, resist the temptation to buy a two-in-one pack. Some companies have replaced king-size bars with two smaller bars in the same wrapper. The intention: to help people reduce portions by making these products more shareable, or to allow them to be eaten on two separate days.
Previous research has shown that among people surveyed who had just bought a two-pack king size chocolate bar, 90 percent intended to eat both bars on the same day. Consumers perceived the entire package as one serving instead of two because it came in the same package.
All research on this web site is the property of Leslie Beck Nutrition Consulting Inc. and is protected by copyright. Keep in mind that research on these matters continues daily and is subject to change. The information presented is not intended as a substitute for medical treatment. It is intended to provide ongoing support of your healthy lifestyle practices.