The National Cancer Institute will fund the major study, estimated to cost $l80 million. The study will be conducted in most states of the U.S. The study will involve 32,000 men who will take part in the study for a period of five years, after which a seven-year period of follow-up studies will be conducted.
The scientists hope to get a definitive answer as to the effect of Vitamin E on prostate cancer. Researchers will test two hypotheses: 1) that Vitamin E may decrease the risk of prostate cancer, and 2) that a selenium tablet daily may do the same. Health researchers conducting the study will enlist men who are over 55 years of age. In the prospective tests, one group of men will receive Vitamin E and a second group will receive a placebo, or inactive dose. A third group will receive selenium, and a fourth group will receive a placebo for comparison with the selenium group.
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