Men may be able to lower their risk of developing prostate cancer, or slow its progression, by changing what they eat, according to new research from University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia.
In this current analysis of previous studies, mostly published since the 1990s, the Australian researchers found that diets relatively high in fat, processed or grilled meats, or dairy products were linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer.
In contrast, men who regularly ate vegetables -- especially tomatoes and cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and Brussels sprouts - had a relatively lower risk of developing the cancer as compared to men who rarely ate these vegetables.
Men who consume greater amounts of soy, fish and omega-3 fatty acids also were less likely to develop prostate cancer than their peers who avoided these foods.
Men who ate the most dairy products or processed meat had a higher risk of prostate cancer than those who consume such foods infrequently.
Overall, the nutrition researchers say a diet low in saturated fat, but high in tomatoes, cruciferous vegetables, fish and omega-3 fats may help lower the chances of prostate cancer development - or its progression.
For recipes and tips on how to eat more tomatoes, cruciferous vegetables, soy and fish, check out our Featured Food section.
These findings appear in the current issue of the Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics.
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