Adhering to an anti-inflammatory diet was associated with a lower risk of dying from any cause, dying from cardiovascular causes and dying from cancer finds a new study from the Warsaw University of Life Sciences, in Poland.
In the study that followed 68,273 Swedish men and women aged 45 to 83 years for 16 years, participants who most closely followed an anti-inflammatory diet had an 18% lower risk of all-cause mortality, a 20% lower risk of cardiovascular mortality, and a 13% lower risk of cancer mortality, compared with those who followed the diet to a lesser degree.
Smokers who followed the diet experienced even greater benefits when compared with smokers who did not follow the diet.
For the study, anti-inflammatory foods consisted of fruits and vegetables, tea, coffee, whole grain bread, breakfast cereal, low-fat cheese, olive oil and canola oil, nuts, chocolate and moderate amounts of red wine and beer. Pro-inflammatory foods included unprocessed and processed red meat, organ meats, chips and soft-drink beverages.
The dose-response analysis showed that even partial adherence to the anti-inflammatory diet provided benefits.
Source: Journal of Internal Medicine, September 12, 2018.
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