Daily fiber supplementation with psyllium does not reduce levels of C-reactive protein, an inflammatory protein connected to heart disease in people who are overweight or obese, say researchers for the University of South Carolina.
In this study, 162 overweight or obese adults without heart disease were given a daily supplement of seven grams of psyllium, 14 grams of psyllium, or no supplement for three months. The objective was to see whether daily fiber supplementation would lower blood levels of C-reactive protein (CRP).
CRP levels were no different between the groups that got psyllium fiber supplements and the groups that did not supplement.
High CRP levels are a common in obese people, and has been linked to diabetes, the metabolic syndrome, high blood pressure, and other risk factors for heart disease.
Researchers say these findings show that people are more likely to benefit most from fiber ingested as part of a healthy diet - and not as a separate supplement.
For optimal health, men are advised to consume 38 grams of fiber per day, while women should get 25 grams of fiber per day. High fiber foods include whole grain cereals and breads, legumes and fruits, vegetables.
A half cup (125 ml) of Kellogg's All Bran cereal provides 12 grams of fiber. To boost your fiber intake, try sprinkling some of this high fiber cereal on yogurt and enjoy with a piece of fresh fruit.
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